What is Rosacea?
Scarlet & rose on the cheeks and the nose! Here is the low down on the skin condition called rosacea.
Rosacea is a non-contagious skin condition that affects the face - mostly the cheeks and nose - causing redness, flushing, and sometimes small bumps/pimples dilation of the small blood vessels towards the skins surface. Severity can range from mild rosiness to extreme hot painful, bumpy redness.
- Onset is usually between the ages of 30- 50 years (but can occur younger)
- It is estimated to effect between 1-22% of people.
- Females are more commonly affected.
- There are 4 types of rosacea (Erythematotelangiectatic, Papulopustular, Phymatous, Ocular)
Causes and Triggers?
Other than biological inheritance, there is no one specific cause for rosacea, however the individual nature of the cause and flare ups are linked with an abnormal reactivity to certain aggravators including:
- Sun / UV sensitivity
- Microbial inflammatory reaction, culprits include: Demodex folliculorum, Bacillus oleronius, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Helicobacter pylori, and Chlamydophila pneumoniae
- Temperature: Heat, cold and exercise, and abrupt changes in environment temperature e.g. walking from a heated room out into freezing cold.
- Dietary: Alcohol, spicy foods, caffeine.
- Hormonal fluctuations - e.g. symptoms may flare up with PMS, pregnancy and menopause.
As with all skin conditions, a holistic process is necessary to address the cause where possible and manage the symptoms, inside and out. If the redness bothers you or is uncomfortable, it is worth visiting a few specialists in different fields to gather information and find what is right for you. For example a naturopath, dermal therapist and/or dermatologist.